What Are The Main Causes Of Infertility?

Infertility is a medical condition where a couple is unable to conceive even after trying naturally for over a year. The causes of infertility vary in men and women. In women, the major causes of infertility are Polycystic ovary disorder, endometriosis, thyroid imbalance, and uterine fibroids. In males, the common reasons behind infertility are low levels of androgens (mainly testosterone) and low sperm count. Furthermore, increasing age is one of the driving factors for infertility, especially in women.

When a woman crosses the age of 35 years, the criteria for defining infertility changes. For a woman older than 35 years of age, infertility is defined as a condition wherein the couple is unable to conceive a child after trying naturally for over 6 months. Furthermore, infertility is divided into two types – primary infertility and secondary infertility. Primary infertility is seen in a woman who has never conceived a child naturally and is unable to conceive a child even after trying for over one year of not using any birth control methods. Secondary infertility is seen in women who have difficulty in getting pregnant again after having gone through at least one healthy and successful pregnancy.

Infertility is a grave concern for many married couples in the country. However, this problem and its causes can be alleviated with the right treatment options. If you too are seeking infertility treatment then you must visit the best sexologist in gurgaon or the best sexologist in Noida. Before we understand the causes behind infertility in males and females, let’s first take a look at the risk factors that lead to infertility.

Risk Factors Associated with Infertility

  • Increasing age in women (especially for women over 35 years of age)
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Thyroid imbalance
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Radiation and chemotherapy
  • Excessive exercise
  • Obesity
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Stress and anxiety

Causes of Infertility in Males

There are several medical and non-medical causes of infertility in males. The non-medical causes are as follows:

  1. Unhealthy sperm: The formation of reproductive organs begins during puberty and to produce a healthy sperm at least one of the testicles must be healthy and function normally. Furthermore, to maintain the sperm production, your body must produce normal levels of testosterone and other androgenic hormones.
  2. Low sperm count: Another commonly encountered reason behind infertility is low sperm count. A sperm count below 15 million sperms per millilitre is considered low sperm count. If you’re experiencing such a condition it’s best to visit the best sexologist in Noida or the best sexologist in Ghaziabad to get it treated.
  3. Sperms have abnormal motility: If your sperm does not have good motility then it may not be able to reach the ovum failing fertilization.
  4. Not enough sperm in the semen: Due to some anatomical disturbances, the sperms produced by your testicles might not be able to get mixed with the semen resulting in a lower volume of ejaculation.

Other medical causes behind infertility are – varicocele, ejaculation disorders, autoimmune disorders, infections, cancers, etc.

Causes of Infertility in Females

Like male infertility, the female infertility causes can also be divided into medical and non-medical reasons. Some of the major reasons behind female infertility are:

  • Uterine conditions: Certain medical conditions such as uterine fibroids and polypoid growth inside the uterine lining can result in painful penetration and other sexual discomforts. Such conditions might be present at birth or might be seen after any surgical procedures.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Several sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis, etc. lead to pelvic inflammatory disease that is a major cause of infertility in women.
  • Ovulation Disorders: Certain hormonal imbalances such as thyroid disorders can lead to an irregular menstrual cycle and delayed or early or no ovulation.
  • Age: As a woman grows older, especially beyond 35 years, she experiences higher issues with infertility. The egg count of a female is reduced and several chromosomal abnormalities are also associated with eggs. Several hormonal imbalances are also seen with age resulting in other health conditions as well.

How Will My Infertility be Treated?

Once you’ve visited the top sexologist in Delhi or the best sexologist in Ghaziabad, you’ll be carefully assessed to treat your condition at the grass-root level. First, the sexologist will try to narrow down the causes behind your infertility and treat the conditions accordingly. In case any reproductive aids need to be provided, the doctor will also educate you about the same.


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